Crónicas negras : desde una región que no cuenta.
Journal of Gang Research.
Swift, Hilary (July 25, 2017).
The gang later spread to many parts of the continental United States, Canada, Mexico, and Central America, and is active in urban, suburban, and rural areas."MS-13 Leader Gets 50 Years For Trafficking".26 Many Mara Salvatrucha members cover themselves in tattoos, including the face.Charges included drug trafficking, child prostitution, human smuggling, racketing, and conspiracy to commit murder."Trump addresses 'menace' of MS-13 at Long Island roundtable".27 A December 2007 CNN internet news article stated that the gang was moving away from face tattoos so as to be able to commit crimes without being noticed.Here Are the 5".On May 13, 2006, Ernesto "Smokey" Miranda, a former high-ranking soldier and one of the founders of Mara Salvatrucha, was murdered at his home in El Salvador a few hours after declining to attend a party for a gang member who had just been released.45 Throughout the truce, Salvadoran gangs were able to focus on expansion and internal regulation instead of inter-gang conflict."Gangland (1x02) You Rat, You Die - Video Dailymotion"." MS-13: A gang profile " ( Archive ).Crackdown on MS-13 gang"."Officials: MS-13 members lured, killed NY teen to boost stature in gang".86 Juan Bautista Jimenez, accused of masterminding the massacre, was killed in prison; according to the authorities, fellow MS-13 inmates compre iphone por claro y me trajo regalo hanged him."Second High-Ranking MS-13 Gang Member Arrested In Santa Cruz".

University of Pittsburgh Graduate School for Public and International Affairs, Independent Study October 9, 2010."9 MS-13 members held in police raids - Washington Times".Thornburg and even after, Salvadoran immigrants were left highly vulnerable to exploitation.On cupon 13 de mayo April 28, a 12-person federal jury in Charlotte voted unanimously to impose the death penalty.In 2004, the FBI created the MS-13 National Gang Task Force.Captured Peace Elites and Peacebuilding in El Salvador.66 67 In 2018, Trump falsely claimed on multiple occasions that his administration had deported "thousands and thousands" of MS-13 gang members.He had begun studying law and working to keep children out of gangs.Authorities investigated MS-13 in Charlotte, North Carolina.
Retrieved "Zetas and MS-13 Join Forces in Guatemala".
In femicide cases, only 5 result in convictions.

Republicans have accused Democrats of being responsible for violence by MS-13 gangs and have called for stricter immigration policies to deal with MS-13.